If you have already read my article Learning Curve For Drawing you know that I believe that anyone can learn the skill needed to be able to draw. After you have practiced controlling your pencil, you will want to learn how to draw basic shapes. In this article Drawing Shapes the Cube will give you exercises that will help you to start seeing and drawing cube shape objects.
Drawing is more than just placing lines on a drawing surface. Learning to see what you are drawing is as important as learning drawing techniques.
What do artists see when they are looking at a subject they are ready to draw or paint?
When a drawing or painting is, in the beginning, stage the proportions of the subject are mapped out using basic shapes.
After the proportions are sketched out, the details will be added.
To be able to draw the proportions correct you will want to be able to see the basic shapes that make up the object. These geometric shapes are the cubes, spheres, cylinders, and cones.
Artists have learned how to see these shapes in every subject. By seeing these geometric shapes, they can add depth and detail to their work.
Drawing Shapes: The Cube
In this article, we are going to start with the cube. The cube has three dimensions – width, height and, depth. Everything that we see in the “real word” is three dimensional. A tissue box, your smartphone, a box of cereal or even a cabinet can be viewed as a cube.
A cube has a top, bottom and four sides of equal size. A dice or Rubik’s cube is an example of a cube. A tissue box is not a cube but is based on a cube shape in the way that it has a top, bottom and four sides. The length of the box is longer that then height making it a cuboid.
The dimensions of these objects will be different.
For example, the height of the cabinet is longer than the height of a box of tissues.
Examples of cube shapes:
These are just a few of the thousands of objects that have a cube as their underlying structure.
Practice seeing the underlying cube or cuboid shapes in everyday objects.
Look around your room and notice how many objects are based on the cube or cuboid shape. You are looking for objects that have a top, bottom, and four sides.
Learning to see is an important part of drawing realism. You will be able to draw any subject, once you learn how to see the basic shapes underlining the subject.
Perspective drawing is drawn with a horizon line and vanishing points.
The horizon line represents eye level, or where the sky meets the ground.
Vanishing points are where the objects disappear because of distance. If you can imagine yourself standing on a railroad track. You would notice that the track gets smaller and smaller until it disappears on the horizon line.
To make a cube you can use one vanishing point, this is known as one point perspective or two vanishing points also known as two-point perspective.
To begin drawing the cube, I will go over using one point perspective. The next lesson I will go over drawing a cube using two point vanishing points.
One point perspective
One point perspective will create the illusion of form and space. In this case, we can make a square turn into a cube by drawing lines from the square to a vanishing point.
Practicing drawing in one point perspective will give you a solid foundation for drawing objects in proportion.
How to draw cube – one point perspective
- Draw a horizon line
- Place a vanishing point on the horizon line
- Draw a square; this can be placed on, above or below the horizon line. Practice all three.
- Draw straight lines connecting the vanishing point with all four corners of the square.
- Decide how long you would like your cube. Draw another square that is smaller connecting all of the lines that were previously drawn.
Now you have a three-dimensional cube or cuboid.
You can erase the lines that would not be seen with the eye.
After you have a good sense of drawing shapes in one perspective, take out some boxes of food that you have in the kitchen and practice drawing them using one vanishing point.
I hope that you have fun drawing. Learning to draw with two point perspective will be coming out soon.
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